Here's a pair of medical terms I have often seen together. One of them I thought I had a moderately good understanding of the meaning, and the other I wasn't really sure exactly what it meant.
As with my previous post in this series, the same comment applies: If a medical doctor happens to read this and notices that I have something wrong, I would be thrilled to get a correction. I'm not a doctor and I'm writing this for other not-doctors; while I'm ok with simplification I don't want to be wrong.
Now, for my pair of terms: mortality is the former; it means how many people die. (Rather appropriate for a Hallowe'en post!) But it's also more than that; it is, specifically, the number of deaths in a given group over a given time period, and what the group and time period is has to be defined. The restrictions make sense, once I stopped to think about it: ultimately, the mortality of humans is 100% - everybody dies of something, at some point. But if you look at the mortality of a disease, or a type of accident, then the group is restricted to the people who have that disease or that injury, and the time is restricted to the time of the study, and the mortality is less than 100%. Something else kills the other people in the study at some other time, not covered by the study.